Anemia is a condition in which there are not enough red blood cells, precisely, hemoglobin concentration. This deficiency causes health problems, because hemoglobin enables transport of oxygen to all tissues in the body. And without oxygen, normal functioning is not possible.
There are different types of anemia, but one of the most common is anemia caused by iron deficiency.An anemia caused by iron deficiency causes fatigue and exhaustion.
What does it represent?
Anemia caused by iron deficiency is also called sideropenic anemia and occurs when there is shortage of healthy red blood cells in the blood that give the body energy and healthy skin appearance.
As the name implies, this type of anemia occurs when the body does not have enough iron, because without the iron the body can not produce hemoglobin. In such cases, oxygen does not spread sufficiently to all the body cells, and fatigue, exhaustion, weakness and pale skin can occur.
Women are more prone to iron deficiency anemia, especially in reproductive age, and therefore more attention should be paid to iron intake.
Anemia develops gradually, so at the beginning it’s very difficult to notice the symptoms. Over time, anemia is exacerbated, and symptoms become more obvious. Symptoms that can indicate the presence of anemia are:
-very pale complexion
-lack of air
-cold feet and palms
-irregular heart rhythm
-absence of appetite
-syndrome of restless legs
-unusual need for ice consumption
If you suspect that you have anemia, visit a doctor. With the help of blood tests and physical examination, anemia can be diagnosed and immediately treated.
Reasons for occurrence
If you do not consume enough iron or you lose iron for some reason, your body can not generate enough hemoglobin and eventually anemia can develop. The most common causes for this type of anemia are:
– Lack of iron in your diet. Often, people care about the intake of enough vitamins, but forget about the essential minerals. In order to have normal functioning of the body and to prevent anemia, it is necessary to eat iron rich food.
– Loss of blood. The blood contains iron in the red blood cells, so if you lose blood, you lose iron. Heavy menstruation or internal bleeding can be the cause of blood loss and the occurrence of anemia.
– Inability of the body to absorb iron. The dietary intake of iron is absorbed through the initial part of the small intestine. Different diseases of this part of the intestine or surgical removal of a part of the intestine may impair the normal absorption of iron.
Women. At their reproductive age are at higher risk of developing this type of anemia, mainly due to blood loss during menstruation. Women with abundant menstruation and pregnant women should be particularly careful.
Newborns and children. Babies born with low body weight and / or premature are at higher risk of anemia. Children who do not feed in a healthy and balanced way are also at risk of developing iron deficiency anemia.
Vegetarians. Meat is a rich source of iron. As vegetarians do not consume meat, they are at higher risk of anemia. Plus, iron found in animal products (red meat, liver, and eggs) is absorbed more easily from the body rather than iron coming from food of plant origin.
People with diseases of the digestive system. In this group, iron absorption is slower and therefore they hardly receive the recommended daily iron requirements.
If your doctor determines that you have an iron deficiency anemia, you will probably be prescribed iron tablets. Most people start feeling better after a week, but treatment usually lasts for several months.
If you think you have anemia, immediately visit a doctor!
Iron deficiency anemia can be easily avoided if you consume enough iron-rich foods such as pig liver, beef kidney, red meat, fish, flour, nuts, beans and egg yolks. Spinach, lentils, strawberries, kiwi, cauliflower, broccoli, potatoes and tomatoes are rich in iron.
Avoid tea, coffee, milk and soy when you consume iron-rich foods because they prevent iron absorption.Calcium also prevents absorption. Therefore, if you are taking extra minerals beyond the diet, avoid the combination of iron with calcium.
Whenever you consume iron-rich food, you can also consume food rich with vitamin C, such as citrus fruits (orange, grapefruit), fruits (strawberries, apricots, kiwi) or vegetables (broccoli, tomatoes).